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准高三:英语完形填空技巧和方法

高考题是我们老师和同学的行动指南,好比在浩瀚的大海行进中的航船离不开的指示灯,只有真正领悟高考题才能发现很多的技巧和方法,因为完形填空的设置是中国人而不是外国人,他们是在一定的语言环境下来挖空的,按照一定的法则和规律来设题的。所以我们首先应该了解和充分分析高考题。

  分析北京高考题:
  文章的题目Surfing:It's Not Just for Boys Any more明显地告诉我们,本文是关于女孩子对冲浪运动的看法,而且提出了一个很鲜明的观点:冲浪运动并不再是男孩子的专利!女孩子也能做,而且会有所成就。

  Surfing: It’s Not Just for Boys Anymore
  If you asked high school girls to name their favorite sports, most would probably say basketball or volleyball. I happen to be one of the few girls who would __1__: surfing (冲浪运动). But isn’t that a boy thing? Some people __2__. Most certainly not.
  I started surfing about five years ago and__3__in love with the sport on the very first day. Riding that first __4__ was the best feeling I had ever experienced.

  When I try to __5__ surfing with other things, I find it very difficult because, in my __6__, there’s nothing like it. It involves (牵涉到) body, __7__, and soul. There’s sand between my toes and cool, salt water all __8__ us. The feeling I get when I’m surfing across that __9__, becoming one with the__10__, is like I’m weightless.

  1. A. tell B. answer C. give D. realize
  2. A. wonder B. understand C. reply D. believe
  3. A. stayed B. came C. dropped D. fell
  4. A. wave B. storm C. sail D. boat
  5. A. bring B. connect C. compare D. tie
  6. A. work B. study C. holiday D. life
  7. A. mind B. effort C. health D. time
  8. A. along B. above C. around D. by
  9. A. beach B. water C. board D. lake
  10. A. sky B. world C. earth D. ocean

  题号、答案、考查内容、解题依据、解题分析

  1、B、前后照应、逻辑推理
  词义比较
  如果你询问高中的女生们她们最喜欢的体育运动的名字,她们不是告诉(tell),给予(give),意识到(realize),而是回答(answer)你询问的问题。

  2、A、常识运用、逻辑推理、词义比较
  先看语境:前一句的意思是“但是它难道不是男孩子的事情吗?(意思是:这是男孩子的事情。)”;后一句的意思是“大多数人当然不……”,由社会的实际情况和这两句的意思可以判断出,只是有一部分人(不太多)对此问题(前一句)不理解(understand),不相信(believe),不能作出回答(reply),而纳闷、惊奇(wonder),持怀疑态度,而大多数人却肯定地认为:冲浪运动是男孩子的事情。

  3、D、固定搭配
  fall/be in love with…爱上……,是固定结构,其它选项没有这种搭配形式。

  4、A、常识运用
  因为文章是在谈论冲浪运动,冲上第一个浪(wave)去是我经历过的最佳感受,而不是暴风雨 (storm)、航海(sail)或船(boat)。

  5、C、固定搭配、词义比较
  作者想把冲浪运动和其他运动进行比较(compare)。connect with连接, 联络,将...连起来;compare with与…比较;tie up with和…联系一起;bring带来,引起,通常不与with连用。

  6、D、逻辑推理、常识运用
  作者把冲浪运动当作了它的生活(life)的组成部分,她不仅仅只是在假期(holiday)里冲浪,当然工作(work)和学习(study)也不能耽误。in my life是“在我的生活中”。

  7、A、常识运用、词义比较
  冲浪运动涉及到身体,智力、智慧(mind)和心灵、精神诸方面,这三个方面共同组成人的身心发展因素。

  8、C‘常识运用、逻辑推理
  在海洋里进行冲浪运动,身体的沿线(along),上面(above),旁边(by),而是身体的四周(around)都是凉爽的咸水。

  9、B、常识运用、逻辑推理
  冲浪运动可能要经过沙滩(beach),有可能是在湖(lake)里,但它主要还是脚踏冲浪板(board)在水(water)面上进行。

  10、D、常识运用、逻辑推理
  冲浪运动是在大海、大洋中进行的,就有和海洋(ocean)融为一体的感觉。

  The one thing I can __11__ from surfing and not any other sport is endless challenge(挑战). You can never be the “best suffer” because the ocean __12__ an uncountable variety of waves that nobody can ever master. The variations of surfing styles are wonderful. Some suffers are free and flowing; others are very aggressive(活跃有力的) and __13__. All of these things attract me to surfing and make it __14__ from any other sport.

  I’ve __15__ to tell every girl I know to do something that people don’t think girls can do. It’s part of being human to advance to new __16__, so shouldn’t it be expected that girls should step up and start __17__ the limits of things boys and men used to dominate(主宰)?

  There’re women __18__ side by side with the President of our country, so why not side by side with the boys __19__ the football team or out in the water surfing? Give girls a chance to __20__, and they will.

  11. A. take B. get C. make D. keep
  12. A. catches B. includes C. offers D. collects
  13. A. sharp B. great C. hard D. calm
  14. A. known B. right C. far D. different
  15. A. chosen B. tried C. learned D. promised
  16. A. levels B. points C. steps D. parts
  17. A. reaching B. accepting C. pushing D. setting
  18. A. sitting B. walking C. fighting D. working
  19. A. of B. from C. on D. with
  20. A. think B. succeed C. perform D. feel

  题号、答案、考查内容、解题依据、解题分析

  11、B、逻辑推理、词义比较、前后照应
  作者不是从其他运动,而是从冲浪运动中获得(get)了无止境的挑战的体会”。再则,前文The feeling I get when I'm surfing across that water,becoming one with the ocean也有暗示。take from减少, 降低;get from从……得到;make from由...制造; keep from阻止, 隐瞒, 抑制。

  12、C、常识运用、逻辑推理、词义辨析
  你永远也不会是最好的冲浪手,因为大洋呈现、提供(offer)的是任何人都控制不了的、数不尽的、各种各样的海浪。catch抓住,捕获;include包括,包含;offer提供;collect收集,聚集。

  13、A、逻辑推理、词义比较
  有些冲浪手自由自在、娴熟流畅,有些冲浪手则活跃有力、生机勃勃。注意这两个句子的并列关系,应该特别注意free 和 flowing之间词义的顺承和协调“自由而流畅”,后句的aggressive and__13__也应该是这样一种意义联系,故选择A,sharp可以表示“精明敏捷的,迅速活泼,有力有为”的意思,其它三项在意义上与aggressive的顺承和协调相距甚远。

  14、D、固定搭配、前后照应、词义比较
  所有的这些都在吸引着我去冲浪,并使之不同于(different)其他运动。注意此段第一句The one thing I can get from surfing and not any other sport is endless challenge.也有所暗示。(be) different from和……不同。(be)far from远离, 远非;known和right通常不与from搭配。

  15、B、逻辑推理、词义比较
  我尽力(try)地劝我所认识的每一个女孩去做人们认为女孩不能做的事情。choose选择、挑选;try试图、努力;learn学习;promise答应、许诺。

  16、A、常识运用、逻辑推理
  朝着新的水平(level)不断前进是人类活动的组成部分。level水平,水准, 标准, 级别;point 点, 尖端;step步调, 步伐, 步骤, 措施;part 部分, 局部。

  17、C、逻辑推理、常识运用、词义比较
  所以女孩子们难道不应当应拾级而上,开始冲破(push)男人过去主宰的事物极限吗?reach到达,伸出;accept 接受, 认可;push突出,突破攻击;set 放置,树立,调整。

  18、D、常识运用、逻辑推理、词义比较
  在我们国家有女性和总统不仅仅一起坐(sit),步行(walk),战斗(fight),而且并肩工作(work)着。同时注意句子的一般现在时意义特征,表示经常性的行为。

  19、C、逻辑推理、词汇用法
  所以为什么女孩子不能够肩并肩地与男孩子一起踢足球,外出一起冲浪呢?介词on表示“在……供职”、“(是)…的成员”,on the football team的意思是“是/成为足球队队员”。

  20、B、常识运用、逻辑推理、词义比较
  给女孩子一个获得成功(succeed)的机会,让她们思考(think) ,感觉(feel)表演(perform),她们就都会有所成就。

  二 、方法指导与演练
  1、逻辑推理.
  A friend of mine taking an advanced psychology ( 心理学 ) course spends every Saturday working with mentally ( 智力上 )_____46_____ children, which , though a little tiring, she found valuable ( 有价值的 ). Her ____47____ are spent playing with the kids and ____48_____ their sometimes uncontrolled (失控的) behavior. Then in he afternoon she writes a _____49____ on her observations ( 观察 ).

  46. A. harmed B. hurt C. disabled D. excited
  47. A. holidays B. mornings C. weekends D. experiments
  48. A. helping B. preventing C. enjoying D. studying
  49. A. story B. diary C. report D. note
  KEY:CBDC

  Students generally appreciate ( 认可 ) these special _____50_____ opportunities (机会) . They are almost always fun and interesting , and professors ______51_____ them too because students learn so much in just a few short months.

  50. A. working B, living C. teaching D. learning
  51. A. hold B. like C. dislike D. discover
  KEY:DB
  The ________ of the earth is made of a number of different plates.
  A. outside B. inside C. surface D. water
  KEY:A

  2、关连词的重要性(特别是转折、并列….. )
  No one denies (否认) the ____1____ of classroom learning. But it can only take the students this ____2_____. Slices (幻灯片 ) and textbooks may do a good job of carrying facts and details(细节) , but creativity ( 创造力 ) of thought cannot be ____3____. They can only be developed through _____4____ experience.

  1. A. deed B. value C. effect D. success
  2. A. far B. long C. way D. direction
  3. A. got B, found C. taught D. practiced
  4. A. self—educated B. self ?service
  C. first ---hand D. up ?to ---date
  KEY:BACC

  3、抓住中心意思-----围绕什么话题 (在文章中出现频率最多的词)
  Every Thursday afternoon, my art history class meets not in our usual lecture hall ( 演讲厅 ) but in our university Art Museum. We spend our one-hour class discussing two or there of the ___1___, many of which are by artists that we have already studied in class. The professor begins by selecting one ___2___ of art. After giving us a quick background on the artist , he will open up for class ___3___. Everyone is encouraged to give ____4___ on he work. Not every piece we study is ___5___ famous or striking in appearance and subject matter, yet we always manage to make some interesting observations(评论).

  1. A. subjects B. paintings C. speeches D. lectures
  2. A. book B. passage C. text D. work
  3. A. discussion B. activity C. argument D. consideration
  4. A. questions B. ideas C. comments D. thoughts
  5. A. necessarily B. rather C. nearly D. too

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