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高中英语必修一UNIT3知识点归纳及练习(附答案)

  高中英语必修一UNIT3知识点归纳及练习(附答案)
一、知识点
1.prefer
prefer doing to talking 喜欢做而不喜欢说
Which of these two dresses do you prefer? 这两套衣服你喜欢哪一套?
I prerer to go to America for my fruther study. 我更愿意选择去美国进修学习。
Anne prefers me to replace her at the meeting. 安妮更愿意我代替她去参加会议。
1.advantages and disadvantages 优劣
2.How do they make use of it in their daily life? 在日常生活中他们是如何利用它的
3.flow through 流过,流经
4.Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip. 从高中起,我姐姐王维和我就一直梦想做一次伟大的自行车旅行。   连词since 引导的时间状语从句用一般过去时,介词since 与表示过去某一点时间的词语连用,副词since 后不用从句或词语。
It is/has been+一段时间+since+一般过去时(从句中的动作不能延续)自从……至今已经多久了。
since then 自从那时至今 ever since 从那以后一直
5.persuade sb to do sth= persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事
He persuaded her to go to school, even though she did not want to.
即使她不想去上学,他还是说服她去。
6.grow up in western Yunnan 在云南西部长大
7.After graduating fro college, we finally got the chance to take a bike trip.
大学毕业以后,我们终于有了机会骑自行车旅行。
8.It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends.
首先想到沿湄公河从源头到终点骑车旅游的是我的姐姐。
强调句型It is/was…that/who 的用法归纳如下:
强调句型可以强调除谓语动词以外的任何句子成份。一般来说,如果被强调部分是人时,用连词that或who;如果被强调部分是物,只能用连词that。 强调句型应避免使用when, where, which 等连词。
含一般疑问句和特殊疑问句的强调句句型:
① 含一般疑问句的强调句型,其结构为:Is it+被强调部分+that/who+句子的其余部分?
② 特殊疑问句的强调句型结构形式为:特殊疑问词+is/was it that/who+句子的其余部分?
9.schedual for the trip 旅行计划
10.be fond of 喜欢,喜爱
Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly.尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她坚持要自己把这次旅行安排得尽善尽美。 (注意1:Although conj. “尽管,虽然”,引导让步状语从句。拓展:
① although 从句多在句首, though 从句可在主句前、中、后任何位置,而且though 可以作副词用于句末,作“但是,不过”讲,而although 无此用法。
② although 用来陈述事实而不用于假设,所以as though(仿佛,好像),even though(即使,尽管)中不能用although。
③ though 引导的让步状语从句可以倒装(将表语、状语、情态动词后的动词原形前置到句首,此用法同as),而 although 不可以。注意2:insist 在这里的意思是“坚持要求”后面的that从句用虚拟语气;如果insist 意为“强调,坚持认为”的时候,从句可以用任何所需要的时态。例如:She insisted that she didn’t tell a lie.她强调她没撒谎。另外,还可以用insist on doing sth/ sth. 一定要、坚持主张,如:She insists on getting up early and playing her radio loudly她老是一大早起来把收音机音量开大。)
11.care about details 考虑细节
The only thing he cares about is money. 他唯一在乎的就是金钱。
care for 喜欢,照料,照顾 I don’t really care for red wine. 我其实并不喜欢红葡萄酒。
Who will care for your child if you are out? 如果你外出了,谁来照顾你的孩子?
12.give me a determined look给了我一个坚定的眼神
13.change one’s mind 改变主意
14.…she seemed to be excited about it. 似乎显得兴奋
15.an interesting experience一次有趣的经历
16.Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it. Finally, I had to give in.她一旦下了决心,什么也不能使她改变。最后,我只好让步了。Once 可作为从属连词,作“一(旦)……就……”解,连接一个表示时间的状语从句。从句中常用一般现在时,现在完成时表将来。
如:Once you have begin you must continue.
Once printed,the book will be very popular。
17.It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, travelling across western Yunnan Province. 它穿过深谷时就变成了急流,流经云南西部。
18.It makes wide bends or meanders through low valleys to the plains where rice grows. 河水蜿蜒缓慢地穿过低谷,流向生长稻谷的平原。
19.He is so stubborn that no one can persuade him to do anything.
他太固执,没有一人能劝动他做事。
20.A determined person always tries to finish the job, no matter how hard it is.
不论工作多难,一个坚决的人总是努力地去完成它。
21.My grandpa is fond of fishing and sometimes he fishes all day in the river.
我爷爷喜欢钓鱼,有时他整天在河边钓鱼。
22.I prefer the red dress to the green one because it fits me better.
我喜欢那件红色的衣服不喜欢那件绿色的,因为红色的更合我的身。
23.The concert went like clockwork because Li Pei organized it so well.
音乐会顺利地进行,因为李佩组织地相当好。
24.I wanted to pay the train fare, but my friend insisted. Finally I gave in.
我想付火车票费用,但我朋友坚持他付。最后我让步了。
25.She persuaded all of us to cycle to work instead of taking the bus.
她说服了我们不做公共汽车而是骑车去工作。
26.As neither of them would give in, no decision was taken that day.
由于双方都不让步,那天没有形成决议。
27.The task was difficult, but Helen’s determined expression let me know that she would not give up.虽然工作很难,但海伦的坚定神情使我知道她不会放弃。
28.How I wish I could make a journey into space and see the stars up close.
我多么希望我能够进行太空旅行,近距离地看看星星啊。
29.The very first time that Joe saw the film “ET” directed by Steven Spieberg, he made up his mind to become a director too.
第一次看Steven Spieberg执导的电影“ET”时,他就下定决心也要当一名导演。
30.a large parcel of 一大包
31.We are taking out insurance to cover any problems.我们要投保给一切问题保险。
32.Our legs were so heavy and cold that they felt like blocks of ice.
我们的腿又冷又沉,感觉就像大冰块。
33.Along the way children dressed in long wool coats stopped to look at us.
一路上,一些身着羊毛大衣的孩子们停下来看我们。
34.However, the lakes shone like glass in the setting sun and looked wonderful.然而,湖水在落日的余晖下闪亮如镜,景色迷人。
35.as usual 像往常一样
36.At one point we were so high that we found ourselves cycling through clouds. 在某个时刻,我们发现自己置身高处,仿佛骑车穿越云层。
37.We saw many sheep eating green grass. 我们看到羊群在吃草。
38.make camp宿营
39.put up our tent 搭帐篷
40.stay awake 睡不着,醒着
41.at midnight 在半夜
42.for company 做伴
43.lie beneath the stars 躺在星空下
44.We can hardly wait to see them.我们迫不及待地想要见到他们。
45.Good luck on your journey. 祝你旅途愉快
46.When you go on a journey, why not keep a travel journey?
当你出游的时候问什么不记旅行日记呢?
47.see the world through somebody else’s eyes 通过别人的眼睛看世界
48.go in the right direction 走正确的方向
49.The tortoise moves at a very slow pace.乌龟以很慢的速度行进。
If you pace yourself, you will be able to work efficiently.
如果你为自己定好了速度,你就会高效地工作。
50.be similar to 类似于
51.afford to do sth 付得起,能承担
52.be tired from因……而疲劳      be tired of 对……厌倦
53.be in high spirits 喜气洋洋,兴高采烈
54.come true 实现,成真
55.Ask them to give you some advice on improving it.
要他们就如何改进提一些建议。
56.a guide to… ……的指南
57.on a tour 在游览中,在巡演中
58.in detail 详细地
二、练习
(一)单词拼写
1. At the party the foreign teacher was r__________ to sing some songs.
2. He is a s__________ person. Once he has made up his mind, he will not change.
3. Though we have learned English for two years, we can’t communicate with native speakers p__________.
4. The goods will be t_______ to Hong Kong by ship.
5. I advised him not to join them. F________ he accepted my advice.
6. Being a fan of Liu Dehua, she buys every music r_______ that is produced by him.
7. What’s your a_______ to wearing jewelry to school.
8. At last we were persuaded to _____________ (骑自行车)around China.
9. Writing travel j_________ makes you think more and enjoy more.
10. I am so _________ (熟悉) with him that I recognized his voice the moment I picked up the telephone.
(二)选词填空, 注意形式。
record     determine    treat    altitude    change one’s mind   
be familiar to    give in    dream     bring up      so far   
1.  Once she is determined to do something, it is impossible to get her to____________.  
2.  Nowadays, many young children would like to bargain with their parents when asking for money. Unfortunately their parents seldom ___________.
3.  They insisted they ________ equally.
4.  Pop songs _____usually __________ teenagers.
5.  He was born in Shandong Province and _______ there.
6.  She gave me a ___________ look, which suggested that she would never make any changes.
7.  She often _______ that she would become a famous singer one day.
8.  They have been to seven European countries ___________.
9.  After it leaves the high _________, the river becomes wide and runs into the sea.
10.  He won another gold medal as he set a new ___________ in the 100m dash.
(三)单项填空
1. --- What’s that terrible noise?
  --- The neighbours ____for a party.
  A. have prepared      B. prepare     C. are preparing    D. will prepare
2. Last Friday when we were talking, I suddenly had ____ idea to go on ____ hike in the valley.    A. an, a     B. the , a     C. an, the    D. the, the
3. He insisted that we ____ there for the night.
  A. stayed      B. had stayed    C. stay     D. would stay
4. The road ____ be very crowded in the rush hour.
  A. shall    B. need     C. must      D. should
5. Once we _____, we should work hard until we succeed.
  A. make up our mind           B. make our mind  
C. make up our minds           D. make our minds
6. After the fighting, the enemy ____.
  A. gave up    B. gave out    C. gave off     D. gave in
7. The Great Wall winds its way ____high mountains, ___ deep valleys and ___ great deserts.   

A. on, across, through                  B. over, through, through  
C. over, through, across              D. on, in, across
8. Because of the _____, we can’t go high up to the mountains without the oxygen tanks.
A. smelly gas   B. cold weather       C. high altitude      D. frozen water
9. Do what you think right; Never ______ what others say.
  A. care for    B. care of    C. take care of     D. care about
10. The twin looks _____ each other. It’s difficult to tell ____.
  A. similar to, which is which     B. same as, who is who
  C. similar to, who is who        D. the same to, which is which
11. Tom, who eats ____ little food, is ____ strong ____ he can lift the heavy box.
  A. so, so…as    B. such, so… as    C. so, so … that      D. such, so … that
12. A modern city has been set up in ______ was a wasteland a few years ago.
  A. which     B. what    C. that    D. where
13. When the children were told that they could go to the USA with their father, they could _______ to tell their best friends.
A. not call   B. never wait      C. hardly call   D. hardly wait
14. What he said just now got all of us _______.
A. disappoint       B. to disappoint  C. disappointed D. disappointing
15.  —Kayla, we are taking a boat trip to Hawaii tomorrow. Would you like to go with us?
  —That sounds exciting. I’d like to, but I can not. _______.
A. Have a nice trip  B.I envy you   C. Very sorry  D. Good bye
16. China is a great country. For one thing, she has a long history with much knowledge; _______, she is developing rapidly in her own way.
A. second    B. the second   C. for another  D. for other thing
17. Was it in 2002 __________ he was still at middle school __________ the boy became expert at computer?
  A. that; where  B. when; where  C. that; when  D. when; that
18. ---Are you still busy?
--- Yes, I_________ my work, and it won’t take long.
A. just finish                           B. am just finishing   
C.  have just finished              D. am just going to finish
(
四)句型转换
1. a. I insisted on his not giving up that job.
b. I insisted that he _______ ______ up that job.
2. a. Since middle school, we’ve had a dream that one day we will take a great bike trip.
  b. Since middle school, we’ve _______ _________ taking a great bike trip one day.
3. a. They often help us with the housework.
  b. It ______ they ______ often help us with the housework.
4. a. To our surprise, we learned that half of the Mekong River is in China.
  b. We ______ __________ to learn that half of the Mekong River is in China.
5. a. The Italian football team played well enough to enter the final in the last World Cup.
  b. The Italian football team played ___ well ___ it entered the final in the last World Cup.
必修I---unit 3练习参考答案
(一)
1. requested   2. stubborn    3. properly   4. transported   5. finally   
6. record       7. attitude     8. cycle      9. journals      10. familiar

(二)1. change her mind    2. give in         3. be treated   
4. are, familiar to      5. brought up     6. determined   
7. dreamed            8. so far        9. altitudes        10. record
(三)1-5CBCCA     6-10DCCDA,     11-15CBDCA     16-18CDB
(四)1. not give                    2. dreamed of/ about            3.is…who/ that
4. were surprised         5.so…that.
 

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